Winter-spring crop yield this year is expected to rise higher than last year, particularly in some localities in the Delta, such as Tien Giang, Dong Thap …, rice yields increased to 400-500 kg / ha.
However, the profit that the farmers did not get in last year.
That is the problem presented by the delegates at the conference “The preliminary 2011-2012 winter-spring rice production and deployment plans summer-autumn sowing and autumn-winter 2012 in the South” has been held in Dong Thap 23-3 morning.
Increased productivity, reduced profits
Mr. Pham Van Du, deputy head of the Cultivation Department, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development said, as of now, the Mekong Delta have harvested 600,000 / 1.6 million hectares of winter-spring crop 2011-2012, energy average yield of 6.6 tons / hectare, which is expected to yield over 11.2 million tonnes, up from last year’s spring crop. Especially in many areas such as: Tien Giang, Long An, Dong Thap, Soc Trang …, average rice yields increased sharply compared with last year.
Mr. Duong Nghia Quoc, director of the Department of Agriculture and Rural Development, Dong Thap, said this year’s spring crop sowing the province has 208 490 hectares, an increase of 2,490 hectares. So far, the province has 132,000 hectares harvested, average yield of 7.4 tons / ha, an increase of 400 kg / ha compared to last spring.
“This year brought a flood of much larger amounts of sediment accretion for Mekong Delta rice is the main reason good development situation pests are controlled at a low level, helping the 2011-2012 winter-spring crop province win big “- he said China.
Although rice yields in the 2011-2012 winter-spring crop rather higher than the spring of last year, however, no profit so that farmers will enjoy increased.
Dr Le Van Banh, Mekong Delta Rice Institute said passing fieldwork in many areas, he found the winter-spring rice tea grown very well this year; pest status plummeted. Through preliminary reports of some local winter-spring rice harvest showed that the average yield is higher this year than last year.
“In the spring and autumn and winter and, although affected by the floods, but she is done away with selling rice prices on 7,000 VND / kg of dry rice, but a bumper crop this year, but despite the low price under 5,000 VND / kg, thus the profits earned by farmers is not high “- Dr. Banh said.
According to Quoc, production costs this winter-spring crop in Dong Thap 3800-4250 ranged from VND / kg (depending on type of rice). Compared to last year’s spring show purchase prices for rice farmers in this case reduces the average 1,000-2,000 VND / kg. Specifically, IR 50404 rice last year with prices ranging from 6000-6500 dong / kg; high quality rice 7000-7300 dong / kg, the years 5000-5200 only VND / kg for IR 50404 and 6,500 VND / kg for high-quality rice.
“The price of the current decline has made farmers’ incomes fell. If last year the farmer can get rates of 20-25 million dong / ha, then this year is only 15-20 million / hectare “- he insisted China.
Oh massively aromatic rice production, there should?
As reported by the Cultivation Department (Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development), an area of IR 50404 rice sowing in spring this year rising sharply every year, with an area of 435,000 hectares sown to one, accounting for nearly 30% of the total sown area of winter-spring rice crop this year (over 1.6 million hectares ta- PV).
Many individual localities as Tien Giang, Dong Thap, area sown paddy IR 50404 in the 2011-2012 winter-spring crop up to 60-70% of the total rice area of the province.
Against this backdrop, Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development Bui Ba Bong directs the local region to reduce IR 50404 paddy area to the lowest level and increase the area of aromatic rice, high quality rice up.
Truong Thanh Phong, Chairman of Vietnam Food Association (VFA) and Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Corporation Southern food (Vinafood 2) that fragrant rice exports of Vietnam this year in the market Hong Kong, China rose very high, so farmers need to increase sowing aromatic rice varieties to meet this demand.
However, in the opinion of the delegates attending the conference that should not be a massive switch to specialty fragrant rice sowing which have market route because this rice consumption in Vietnam is still very limited institutions (the export forecast this year is about 600,000 tons – PV).
Dr. Banh, not a right move to make at the end of that fragrant rice paddy production to distribution according to three basic groups is low quality rice, high quality rice and aromatic rice specialties.
“I think we should maintain rice production area criterion is to keep 15-20% of low-quality rice, 60-70% high quality rice and fragrant rice sowing remaining specialties such as Jasmine 85, VND 95-20 and other scented rice. When markets specialty fragrant rice exports large enough then, we can then expand the area of specialty fragrant rice for sowing susceptibility to pests and diseases. ”
According to the recommendations of the agricultural sector, and autumn-winter collection for summer, farmers should not sowing seeds fragrant Jasmine 85 specialties, VND 95-20 for rice quality is not good, people should choose the scented rice varieties OM 4900 as sowing “.
According to the Chief
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